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December 11, 2012 Published in Holiday Happenings, Top Stories

Alexandria Celebrates Hanukkah

Staff report

Vice Mayor Kerry Donley lights the Shamash (attendant) candle, from which the other candles are lit. (Photo: Wayne Hulehan)

More than a decade ago, Rabbi Mordechai Newman brought public Hanukkah celebrations to Alexandria. Last night the third night of the Festival of Lights, Alexandria Vice Mayor Kerry Donley joined Newman at the Crowne Plaza Old Town Alexandria to light the 2012 menorah.

According to

The Hanukkah Story

In 168 B.C.E. the Jewish Temple was seized by Syrian-Greek soldiers and dedicated to the worship of the god Zeus. This upset the Jewish people, but many were afraid to fight back for fear of reprisals. Then in 167 B.C.E. the Syrian-Greek emperor Antiochus made the observance of Judaism an offense punishable by death. He also ordered all Jews to worship Greek gods.

Rabbi Mordechai Newman lights the third candle of the Menorah. (Photo: Wayne Hulehan)

Jewish resistance began in the village of Modiin, near Jerusalem. Greek soldiers forcibly gathered the Jewish villages and told them to bow down to an idol, then eat the flesh of a pig – both practices that are forbidden to Jews. A Greek officer ordered Mattathias, a High Priest, to acquiesce to their demands, but Mattathias refused. When another villager stepped forward and offered to cooperate on Mattathias' behalf, the High Priest became outraged. He drew his sword and killed the villager, then turned on the Greek officer and killed him too. His five sons and the other villagers then attacked the remaining soldiers, killing all of them.

Mattathias and his family went into hiding in the mountains, where other Jews wishing to fight against the Greeks joined them. Eventually they succeeded in retaking their land from the Greeks. These rebels became known as the Maccabees, or Hasmoneans.

City Councilman-elect Justin Wilson, City Councilwoman-elect Allison Silberberg, Alexandria Mayor William D. "Bill" Euille, Rabbi Mordechai Newman, Vice Mayor Kerry Donley and Virginia Senator Adam Ebbin gather after the menorah lighting. (Photo: Wayne Hulehan)

Once the Maccabees had regained control they returned to the Temple in Jerusalem. By this time it had been spiritually defiled by being used for the worship of foreign gods and also by practices such as sacrificing swine. Jewish troops were determined to purify the Temple by burning ritual oil in the Temple’s menorah for eight days. But to their dismay, they discovered that there was only one day's worth of oil left in the Temple. They lit the menorah anyway and to their surprise the small amount of oil lasted the full eight days.

This is the miracle of the Hanukkah oil that is celebrated every year when Jews light a special menorah known as a hanukkiyah for eight days. One candle is lit on the first night of Hanukkah, two on the second, and so on, until eight candles are lit.

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